It’s hard to know what the best medication to suit your pain is when there are many different types of pain, such as pain when you cut yourself, or muscle pain from the flu or minor injuries. Read on for types of pain, what causes pain, prevention and treatment, and tips for preventing pain.
WHAT IS PAIN?
Pain can be sharp or acute from an injury, and goes away when you are healed. But it can persist and become chronic from a long-term illness or injury which can be very debilitating.
Chronic pain is pain that lasts longer than 3 months. It is also called persistent pain or long-term pain. It is often described as pain that does not go away as expected after an injury or illness.
Although treatment of pain can be difficult, effective relief is always possible using different techniques and drug combinations.
WHAT CAUSES THE SENSATION OF PAIN?
You can feel pain by one of two ways.
– Triggered nerve endings by a cut, tear, break or pressure. Chemicals such as external poisons, toxins. Extreme heat or cold.
Messages are sent from these nerve endings up nerves into the spinal cord and to the brain, where they are interpreted as pain.
Muscular or skeletal pain is usually sharp and easy to pinpoint where as Internal pain in the gut or organs is usually a dull pain and may not be easy to identify.
– The malfunction of a nerve. This is when a nerve is damaged or inflamed and it becomes unstable and fires off random signals which are felt as sharp pain like an electric shock or as a burning pain. It is caused by pressure, such as a trapped nerve or slipped disc, compression by a blood vessel or tumour, or inflammation due to an infection such as shingles, or after surgery.
PREVENTION AND TREATMENT
It is important to know the type of pain you’re experiencing and why before treating it. This helps you or your healthcare professional to know what the right medication for treatment is.
Pain relievers are in different categories due to how they work to treat the pain, common pain relievers include:
Tips for preventing pain